SHOOT NEGRO FIRST THEN GIVE SALARY
Shoot the NEGRO first and then give him salary- a proverb is famous in AMERICA . The slave trade from AFRICA was first started by the ARAB traders . As I have mentioned in my earlier blog THE SIDDIS IN INDIA-A HISTORY & CULTURE , PART-1 that how in 628 AD SIDDIS , a BANTU TRIBE FROM AFRICA , were brought to INDIA and sold as slaves . The PORTUGUESE from 18th to the middle of 19th century sold many more slaves from AFRICA to EUROPE AND AMERICA . There is an instance of 1852 AD when a PORTUGUESE slave-seller took 1200 slaves in a full of ship from the ‘ SLAVE BEACH ‘ , along SUDANESE coastal areas . As per a rough estimate about seven crores of people from these coastal beaches were either made slaves or were killed those denied to be so . These NEGROS were carried through ships in very inhuman ways . They were denied proper food , water and sanitation on the ships , sometimes , killing more than 800 slaves out of 900 on the way of journey . In the AMERICAN markets alone more than five to six crores of NEGROS were either made slaves or were killed . As a historian truely has estimated that altogether about ten crores NEGROS of AFRICA were used in the slave markets as such .
LEO VIKTOR FROBENIUS ( 1873-1938 ) , a GERMAN explorer and ethnologist , who led 12 expeditions to AFRICA from 1904 to 1935, had written in 1906 describing about his journey to KONGO ,‘ I saw a prosperous civilization among NIGRO TRIBALS which had gravity and expansion both . Their living standards and thinking were high . I saw a developed civilization from the palace of the King to the huts of the farmers . I saw in every house hold a considerable number of male-female NEGROS quite educated .’ FROBENIUS attributed a common origin to the culture of OCEANIA and WEST AFRICA . KULTURKREISE ( CULTURAL CLUSTERS ) , an idea of cultural diffusion developed by him , denotes arranging same cultural distribution which was further developed by FRITZ GRAEBNER and other scholars on the subject as such . FROBENIUS wrote a book on AFRICA called UND AFRIKA SPRACH ( THE VOICE OF AFRICA ) in 3 volumes (1912-13 ) . He wrote further , ‘AMERICA had need for slaves .The white traders of EUROPE saw that lakhs of slaves of AFRICA could be taken by ships to be sold in AMERICA . But trading of slaves couldn’t be treated as legal . Then after NEGROS were called as property than human beings . The EUROPEANS started to inform the world that the NEGROS were cannibal demons . They were threat for the human race . The religions of NEGROS were called as the religions of demons . Truth is that all those were excuses for running slave-trades . I myself traveled throughout AFRICA but I didn’t see any inhuman and dreaded things in NEGROS . The EUROPEANS knowingly started saying barbarians to the NEGROS to malign them . The truth is that NEGROS were as high in civilization and culture as any EUROPEAN could have claimed to be .’
MAURICE DELAFOSSE ( 1870-1926 ) , an outstanding FRENCH colonial administrator and ethnographer , wrote about the NEGRO CIVILIZATION OF AFRICA as ,’ The NEGROS have no feeling of individualism . They have theory of collectivism in so far as society , religion , property and economic questions are concerned ……. Even today the structure of the NEGROS’ family doesn’t consist of only husband-wife and children but consist of siblings of the entire generation and they are part of the collective family . Where generation is headed by male there male are successors and where generation is headed by female there relation is established by female …….. The family is established on Succession and not on marriage . Result is that the family grows . To limit this the rule was framed that as much burden of people the farms ( agricultural fields )* could endure would live in that family . The rest would go to different places . These families and the other families coming out of these constitute a form of tribe . They have similar surnames and are called sons of the same generation … The head of the family looks after the entire property of the family . He is the manager and the priest of the family . The individual has no rights on property ……..The Heads of different tribes used to chose King . To give advice to the King , there was an advisory board of the Heads of all the tribes . A ministry was constituted out of different Heads of the tribes . In this way the entire social and political structures of the black were decided on the collective safety and welfare of all .’
NOTE : THE TRANSLATED FORM OF QUOTES OF L.V. FROBENIUS & M. DELAFOSSE ARE MINE . THERE MAY BE SOME DISCREPANCIES IN WORDS BUT MEANINGS ARE ALMOST THE SAME .
THE BLOG TO BE CONTINUED ………..
* ( Agricultural fields ) has been inserted by me for making the meaning clear .