VIETNAM ( SERIES -51 )
CAMRADE HO CHI MINH OF VIETNAM
To a FRENCH Philosopher AUGUSTE COMTE , history is a ‘positive philosophy’ . And LEOPOLD VAN RANKE , the great GERMAN historian and the father of modern historical writings , was of the opinion that the business of history ‘is not to judge the past or instruct the present for the benefit of the future . Its business is only to show what actually happened.’ In this sense , history is meant for churning out truth from the series of events . And thus , the goal of history and science is the same , i.e to establish the truth . CAMRADE HO CHI MINH was an ideologue , a thinker and a philosopher , before he was the Prime Minister ( 1945 to 1955 ) and President ( 1945 to 1969 ) of VIETNAM . He was the Chairman of the WORKERS’ PARTY OF VIETNAM from 19th February 1951 to 2nd September 1969 . He was the first secretary of the WORKERS’ PARTY OF VIETNAM from 1st November 1955 to 10th September 1960 . He was the full member of the 2nd and 3rd POLITBURO from 31st March 1935 to 2nd September 1969 . He had founded the COMMUNIST PARTY OF VIETNAM (CVP) on 3rd February 1930 by merging the COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDOCHINA , the COMMUNIST PARTY OF ANNAM , the COMMUNIST LEAGUE OF INDOCHINA , the PEOPLE’S REVOLUTIONARY PARTY and the WORKERS’ PARTY OF VIETNAM,having its headquarters at 1A, HUNG VUONG STREET, BA DINH, HANOI . And it had its own Newspaper called NHAN DA .
HO CHI MINH’S EARLY LIFE
HO CHI MINH was born in 1890 in a village called LANG CHUA , in KIM LIEN commune of the NGHE AN province as NGUYEN SINH CUNG . NGHE AN province , located in Central VIETNAM , was a FRENCH PROTECTORATE that time . His father NGUYEN SINH SAC was a CONFUCIAN scholar and teacher who became an Imperial Magistrate in the District of BINH KHE . But he was simply demoted because he had given a punishment of 102 stroke of the cane as punishment for an infraction to an influential local figure who died several day after the said punishment . He was also eligible to serve for the Imperial bureaucracy , but he refused to do so considering the fact that serving the Imperial bureaucracy meant serving the FRENCH . So, this feeling against the foreign rule over VIETNAM , was inculcated in the mind of young HO CHI MINH right from the beginning . Despite that he received a FRENCH education by attending COLLEGE QUOC HOC ( Secondary Examination ) on 8th August 1908 in HUE in Central VIETNAM . In the same year , due to his revolutionary spirit , he was involved in an anti-slavery demonstration of poor peasants in HUE which endangered his status as a student at COLLEGE QUOC HOC . But such demonstration against a colonial power like FRANCE affected badly his application for admission to the FRENCH COLONIAL ADMINISTRATIVE SCHOOL in 1911 . As his father had been dismissed by now , he no longer had any hope for a government scholarship . So, he moved southward and took admission at DUC THANH SCHOOL in PHAN THIET for six months . And then he traveled to SAIGON where he applied to work as kitchen helper on a FRENCH merchant steamer , the Amiral de Latouche-Treville , by changing his name as VAN BA . While working as the cook’s helper on a ship in 1912 , he traveled to US . He lived in NEW YORK and BOSTON from 1912 to13 and worked as a baker at the PARKER HOUSE HOTEL . It is also said that while in the US , he made contact with KOREAN nationalists . He was also influenced by Pan-Africanist and Marcus Garvey , the black nationalist during his stay . He also attended the meeting of the Universal Negro Improvement Association . From 1913 and 1919 , he claimed to have lived in WEST EALING , CROUCH END and HORNSEY in BRITAIN . He reportedly worked as either a chef or dishwasher at the DRAYTON COURT HOTEL in WEST EALING .
POLITICAL TRAINING OF HO CHI MINH IN FRANCE
HO CHI MINH began to show an interest in politics while living in FRANCE from 1919 to 1923 . Came from ENGLAND in June 1919 to FRANCE , he was influenced by CAMRADE MARCEL CACHIN of the SOCIALIST PARTY OF FINANCE . He joined the Groupe des Patriotes Annamities ( The group of VIETNAMESE Patriots) where he mate PHAN CHU TRINH , NGUYEN THE TRUEN , PHAN VAN TRUONG and NGUYEN AN NINH . They were already publishing articles under pseudonym ‘NGUYEN THE PATRIOT’ advocating for the independence of VIETNAM . The group sent a petition to the Western powers at the VERSAILLES PEACE TALKS for recognition of the civil rights of the VIETNAMESE people in FRENCH INDO-CHINA . But it was ignored by the Western powers . In December 1920 , HO CHI MINH became a representative to the CONGRESS OF TOURS of the SOCIALIST PARTY OF FRANCE . The TOURS CONGRESS was the 18th National Congress of the FRENCH SECTION OF WORKERS’ INTERNATIONAL which took place from 25 to 30 December 1920 . HO CHI MINH was the founding member of the FRENCH COMMUNIST PARTY . Taking a position in the Colonial Committee of the party , he tried to draw the attention of the Camarades towards the staus of the FRENCH colony of INDO-CHINA but always remained unsuccessful . He used to write journal articles , short stories and strengthen his VIETNAMESE national group during his stay in FRANCE . His articles and speeches caught the attention of DMITRY MANUILSKY, who after realizing his talent , sponsored his trips to the SOVIET UNION. Under his tutelage , he became the high ranking member of the SOVIET COMINTERN .
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TO BE CONTINUED ……………….
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2 thoughts on “THE WORLD CIVILIZATIONS AND INDIA , PART-133”
Such an interesting article!
PS I think that in the sixth last line there is a typo: staTus
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