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THE WORLD CIVILIZATIONS AND INDIA , PART-112

VIETNAM ( SERIES -30 )

EMPEROR TRAN THANH TONG OF DAI VIET

TRAN THANH TONG or TRAN HOANG was the second Emperor of the TRAN DYNASTY of DAI VIET . He ruled over the country from 1258 AD to 1278 AD . Due to successful ruling the country in the matters of both — civil and military affairs , TRAN THANH TONG was considered as one of greatest Emperors of not only the TRAN DYNASTY but the whole Dynastic era in the history of DAI VIET/VIETNAM . Emperor TRAN THANH TONG as TRAN HOANG was born on 25th September , 1240 AD as the second son of Emperor TRAN THAI TONG and Empress Consort THUAN THIEN . Emperor TRAN THANH TONG had only one consort who was the fifth daughter of his uncle TRAN LIEU and whose name was Empress THIEN CAM TRAN THIEU . Only eight months after his enthronement , his first son was born on 11th November 1258 AD . His name was TRAN KHAM . So, he was entitled as crown prince in December 1274 AD . His second son was born in 1265 AD whose name was Prince TA THIEN TRAN DUC VIEP . And he had only one daughter whose name was Princess THIEN THUY . Story about her was that she had an adulterous affairs with General TRAN KHANH DU who was later killed by the order of the Emperor . Later on , she was married to Prince HUNG VU TRAN QUOC NGHIEN who was the son of TRAN QUOC TUAN . And it perhaps was a chance that both — Princess THIEN THUY and her younger brother TRAN NHAN TONG died on the same day i.e was 3rd November , 1308 AD .

A FINEST MONARCH TRAN THANH TONG

According to a historian like NGO SI LIEN of LE DYNASTY , Emperor TRAN THANH TONG was one of the finest monarchs of the TRAN DYNASTY . He was not only a righteous ruler , but also a kind-hearted brother , a dutiful son and a father with sense of responsibility . It caused not only the stability of the royal family but also the entire country . That’s why the reign of Emperor TRAN THANH TONG brought about prosperity and peace in DAI VIET for a long period . Emperor TRAN THANH TONG like his brothers TRAN QUANG KHAI , TRAN ICH TAC and TRAN NHAT DUAT , was a renowned scholar . He was credited to teach his princes with his own poems . And he also had written a literary book called DI HAU LUC . He was a staunch BUDDHIST , for that a CONFUCIAN historian like NGO SI LIEN sometimes criticized Emperor TRAN THANH TONG for his devotion for BUDDHISM to such extent . NGO SI LIEN , the principal compiler of a comprehensive chronicle of the history of VIETNAM , the oldest official historical record of a VIETNAMESE DYNASTY and that chronicle was called as DAI VIET SU KY TOAN THU , had further stated that it was not suitable for a person like Emperor TRAN THANH TONG , holding such a high position , to be such a staunch BUDDHIST .

THE ECONOMY AND ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM DURING EMPEROR TRAN THANH TONG

After his enthronement , Emperor TRAN THANH TONG and his father paid attention towards the economy and administrative system of DAI VIET which had been totally damaged by the MONGOL invasion . In June 1261 AD , Emperor TRAN THANH TONG opened an examination for scholars who wanted to be appointed as mandarins of the administrative system . Such examination was comprised of the testing of two abilities : 1.Writing ; and 2. Calculating . He stared appointing right person for the right position in the Royal Court . For example , he appointed his brother Prince CHIEU MINH TRAN QUANG KHAI for the position of Grand Chancellor and Prince HUNG DAO TRAN QUOC TUAN for the position of military commander . And both were scholars . In March 1266 AD , Emperor TRAN THANH TONG ordered his first imperial examination to be carried out , in which more than 50 scholars were selected for the high-ranking position in the Royal Court and administrative system of DAI VIET. Due to his intellectual ability of his brother TRAN ICH TAC , he permitted to open a private school in the former palace to teach and train more scholars for the royal court . At the same time , the Emperor also reinforced DAI VIET’S army by several recruitments by reorganizing the military ; so that its efficiency could be improved . Moreover , due to the potential threat , he always remained vigilant to the northern border by sending several scout units to learn about the military actions of the YUAN DYNASTY.

NOTE : THE SOURCES OF THE BLOG ARE TEXT BOOKS AND OTHER WRITTEN MATERIALS ON THE SUBJECT .

TO BE CONTINUED ……………..

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Published by ARBIND KUMAR

FREELANCE WRITER.

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