VIETNAM ( SERIES -10 )
KING PARAMABOĎHISATVA OF CHAMPA
PARAMABHODHISATVA reigned CHAMPA from 1081 AD to 1086 AD . As we know he usurped power from his 10 years old nephew JAYA INDRAVARMAN-II . He was a staunch BUDDHIST . Prince PANG and his elder brother Prince THANG were born into a noble family of both northern and southern CHAM ancestry . Both the brothers had adventured into CHAM civil war which had been lasting for sixteen years . According to King PARAMABHODHISATVA , King RUDRAVARMAN-III was taken away from the capital by rebels . The country of CHAMPA had descended into chaos . More than ten people had declared themselves King of CHAMPA . And they were fighting against each other . The Kingdom was virtually devastated . Prince PANG defeated a self-proclaimed ruler of PHAN RANG at a battle . After spending fighting off warlord factions for years , these two brothers reunified CHAMPA . As we know that after the retirement of his elder brother King HARIVARMAN-III in 1080 AD , his son JAYA INDRAVARMAN-II was crowned as the King of CHAMPA at the age of nine who didn’t know how to govern the Kingdom properly . So , he usurped power in 1081 AD from his nephew king JAYA INDRAVARMAN-II . Prince PANG entitled himself as PARAMABHODHISATVA , ruled over CHAMPA with no opposition as such . He was a devout BUDDHIST . During his period the relation with SONG CHINA appeared to be quite absent . The new King and his family gave royal splendors to the temple of PO NAGAR . His gifts included elephants , electrum ornaments , sea jewelries and precious stones . And King’s eldest sister , princess GARBHALAKSMI donated the Goddess PO NAGAR pure gold as such . But in 1086 AD , he was dethroned by his nephew JAYA INDRAVARMAN-II .
KING JAYA INDRAVARMAN-II OF CHAMPA
JAYA INDRAVARMAN-II was the son of King HARIVARMAN-IV who ruled CHAMPA for two periods varying from 1080 AD to 1081 AD and from 1086 AD till his death in 1113 AD . He was also from HARIVARMANID DYNASTY . A staunch HINDU King , JAYA INDRAVARMAN-II , reestablished himself back to the crown after launching a Coup in 1086 AD . He resumed the relationship with the SONG DYNASTY of CHINA . In 1103 AD , King JAYA INDRAVARMAN-II was persuaded by a VIETNAMESE refugee who had fled to CHAMPA to retake three northern provinces that were believed to be usurped by DAI VIET in the previous decades . His campaign in this effect was successful at the first , but he could not retained those three states for long as such . Ultimately those three states went back to DAI VIET after a few months only . The reign of JAYA INDRAVARMAN-II remained by and large peaceful until his death in 1113 AD . During his period , most of the temples of CHAMPA were restored . Moreover , infrastructural developments started in MY SON . He also initiated the elaboration of the THAP MAM STYLE . And after his death in in 1113 AD , he was succeeded by one of his nephews called HARIVARMAN-V .
HARIVARMAN-V was the King of CHAMPA from 1114 AD to 1129 AD . His original name was Prince SUNDARADEV . His predecessor King JAYA INDRAVARMAN-II had ruled CHAMPA for thirty years without any heir . So , a nephew was appointed as the King of MANDALA CHAMPA . Here MANDALA means federation . Since long CHAMPA was a federation of small princely states as such . His reign was by and large peaceful . Like his predecessor , he also sent deplomatic missions to the SONG DYNASTY of CHINA in 1116 AD and 1120 AD respectively . In return , he was enfeoffed by the CHINESE Court as ‘ GRAND MASTER OF THE PALACE WITH GOLDEN SEAL AND PUEPLE RIBBON ‘. King HARIVARMAN-V made several donations and buildings to the sanctuaries at MY SON . And due to lack of a suitable heir , he nominated his adopted son the title of DEVARAJA in 1129 AD and the crown prince in 1133 AD . And in 1139 AD , the crown prince was ascended to the throne with regnal name as JAYA INDRAVARMAN-III . King JAYA INDRAVARMAN-III ruled from 1139 AD to 1145 AD as such .
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